Prakash Adhikari August 31, 2018

Kathmandu, 31 August. The fourth summit of Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation(BIMSTEC) concluded here today with 18 points Kathmandu Declaration and 30 points sectoral review.

Leaders of an organization which links SAARC Nation with ASEAN with vast potential of economic prosperity are optimistic on the future of BIMSTEC. The forth summit agreed upon the following areas as:

30-31 August 2018
Kathmandu, Nepal
“Towards a Peaceful, Prosperous and Sustainable Bay of Bengal Region”

We, the Prime Minister of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, the Chief Advisor of the
Kingdom of Bhutan, the Prime Minister of the Republic of India, the President of the
Republic of the Union of Myanmar, the Prime Minister of Nepal, the President of the
Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, and the Prime Minister of the Kingdom of
Thailand, met in Kathmandu on 30-31 August 2018 for the Fourth BIMSTEC Summit; and
Reaffirming the firm commitment to the principles and purposes of BIMSTEC as enshrined
in the 1997 Bangkok Declaration;

Recalling the Third BIMSTEC Summit Declaration (Nay Pyi Taw, 4 March 2014) and the
BIMSTEC Leaders’ Retreat Outcome Document (Goa, 16 October 2016);

Affirming the solemn commitment to making the Bay of Bengal Region peaceful, prosperous
and sustainable by building on our common strengths through our collective efforts;

Being convinced that geographical contiguity, abundant natural and human resources, rich
historical linkages and cultural heritage present great potentials for promoting deeper
cooperation in identified core areas in the region;

Recognizing that eradication of poverty is the greatest regional challenge in realization of
development objectives and expressing firm commitment to working together for the
implementation of the Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development;

Acknowledging that enhanced inter-linkages and inter-dependence within the economies and
societies in the BIMSTEC Member States provide greater opportunity to advance regional

Underlining the importance of multidimensional connectivity, which promotes synergy
among connectivity frameworks in our region, as a key enabler to economic integration for
shared prosperity;

Taking into consideration the importance of trade and investment as one of the major
contributing factors for fostering economic and social development in the region.

Recognizing the special needs and circumstances of the least developed and land-locked
developing countries in the region and underlining the necessity to provide meaningful
support to their development process;

Recognizing that terrorism and transnational organized crimes continue to pose a great threat
to international peace and security including in the BIMSTEC countries and stressing that
combating terrorism and transnational organized crimes require sustained efforts and
cooperation and comprehensive approach involving active participation and collaboration of
the Member States;

Reaffirming strong commitment to making BIMSTEC a dynamic, effective and resultoriented
regional organization for promoting a peaceful, prosperous and sustainable Bay of
Bengal Region through meaningful cooperation and deeper integration;

Stressing the need for a fair, just, rule-based, equitable and transparent international order and
reaffirming faith in the multilateralism with the United Nations at the centre and the rulebased
international trading system;

Underscoring the importance of robust institutional arrangements to effectively steering the
process of regional cooperation under BIMSTEC;

Taking Note of the participation and concurrence by the Chief Advisor of the Interim
Government of Bhutan to the Summit decisions and its outcome documents on an ad
referendum basis, as these are subject to endorsement by the next elected government;

Do hereby:
1. Recall the principles enshrined in the 1997 Bangkok Declaration and reemphasize that
cooperation within BIMSTEC will be based on respect for the principles of sovereign
equality, territorial integrity, political independence, non-interference in internal affairs,
peaceful co-existence and mutual benefit.

2. Agree to intensify our efforts to realize the objectives and purposes of BIMSTEC as
embodied in the 1997 Bangkok Declaration, and reiterate our pledge to work collectively
towards making BIMSTEC a stronger, more effective and result-oriented organization for
achieving a peaceful, prosperous and sustainable Bay of Bengal Region.

3. Resolve to achieve, leveraging on BIMSTEC’s unique position as a bridge linking South
and Southeast Asia, an enhanced level of economic and social development in the region,
and remain fully committed to consolidate and deepen cooperation among Member States

towards transforming our organization into an effective platform to promote peace,
prosperity and sustainability.

4. Deplore terrorist attacks in all parts of the world including in BIMSTEC countries and
strongly condemn terrorism in all its forms and manifestations wherever and by
whomsoever committed and stress that there can be no justification whatsoever for any
act of terrorism. Affirm that the fight against terrorism should target not only terrorists,
terror organizations and networks but also identify and hold accountable States and nonState
entities that encourage, support or finance terrorism, provide sanctuaries to terrorists
and terror groups and falsely extol their virtues. Reiterate our strong commitment to
combat terrorism and call upon all countries to devise a comprehensive approach in this
regard which should include preventing financing of terrorists and terrorist actions from
territories under their control, blocking recruitment and cross-border movement of
terrorists, countering radicalization, countering misuse of internet for purposes of
terrorism and dismantling terrorist safe havens.

5. Repose our faith unequivocally in the principles and purposes of the Charter of the United
Nations and strive to strengthen the multilateral system by reforming its rules, institutions
and instruments to make it relevant to contemporary global challenges and agree to work
together to present a collective voice to safeguard our collective interests for a fair, just,
rule-based, equitable and transparent world order.


6. Decide to task the BIMSTEC Secretariat to prepare a preliminary draft of the charter for
the organization, building on the 1997 Bangkok Declaration, defining a long-term vision
and priorities for cooperation, clearly delineating roles and responsibilities of different
layers of institutional structure and decision-making processes, for consideration by the
BIMSTEC Permanent Working Committee (BPWC) and other higher bodies with a view
to adopting it by the Fifth Summit; and agree to task the BPWC to develop the Rules of
Procedure (RoP) for the BIMSTEC Mechanisms.

7. Decide to establish a BIMSTEC Permanent Working Committee to deal with
administrative and financial matters of the Secretariat and the BIMSTEC Centers and
Entities, as well as to prepare schedule of meetings, prioritize and rationalize the
organization’s activities.

8. Direct the relevant Ministries/national agencies of our respective governments to explore
the possibility of establishing a BIMSTEC Development Fund (BDF), at an appropriate
time, with voluntary contributions from the Member States, which will be utilized for
research and planning of BIMSTEC and financing of projects, programmes and other
activities of BIMSTEC Centers and Entities as agreed upon by the Member States.

9. Agree to enhance the institutional capacity of the BIMSTEC Secretariat, including
through financial and human resources, in order to enable it to coordinate, monitor and
facilitate implementation of BIMSTEC activities and programmes; and initiate project
proposals as agreed by the Member States as well as fulfil any other responsibility
entrusted to it in an effective and efficient manner and agree to raise the numbers of
Directors to seven, one from each Member State, in a staggered manner.

10. Acknowledge the importance of enhancing the visibility and stature of BIMSTEC in
international fora by, inter alia, forging common positions, as appropriate, on issues of
common interest and seeking group recognition in various multilateral organizations,
institutions and processes.

11. Emphasize the need to accelerate progress in the core areas of cooperation and to review,
restructure and rationalize the existing areas of BIMSTEC cooperation and streamline the
operational modalities for activities, implementation of programmes and projects under
BIMSTEC for bringing out tangible results. Welcome Thailand’s concept paper on the
Reprioritization of BIMSTEC Pillars of Cooperation proposing to streamline to five
pillars which will be subjected to further discussion in the BIMSTEC Permanent Working

12. Agree to take up on priority basis the legal documents and instruments that are pending
for internal approval process for finalization and ratification.

13. Commend the role of Lead Countries for the progress made in the respective sectors, as
annexed to this declaration, and encourage them to accelerate their efforts to make further

14. Express our appreciation for former Secretary-General Mr. Sumith Nakandala’s valuable
contribution in advancing the work of BIMSTEC during his tenure and welcome the
appointment of Mr. M. Shahidul Islam of Bangladesh as the Secretary General of

15. Convey deep appreciation to Nepal for the able stewardship of BIMSTEC from March
2014 and welcome Sri Lanka as the new Chair of BIMSTEC.

16. Reiterate the commitment to timely holding of Summit and other meetings of the
BIMSTEC mechanisms to intensify the process of regional cooperation.

17. Agree to make our directives, commitments and statements of our positions on sectoral
review expressed at the Annexure as part of this Declaration.

18. Express our sincere appreciation to the Government of Nepal for the warm hospitality and
the excellent arrangements made for the Summit.

Annex to the Fourth BIMSTEC Summit Declaration
Sectoral Review

Poverty Alleviation

1. Reiterate our commitment to the eradication poverty in the Bay of Bengal Region by
2030 in line with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and call for effective
implementation of the BIMSTEC Poverty Plan of Action and for gearing up efforts of all
sectors to contribute to the over-arching goal of poverty alleviation.

2. Express commitment to nurturing our workforce by taking concrete measures to provide
decent job opportunities for them through increased investment in service and productive
sectors of national economy.

Transport and Communications (Connectivity)

3. Reiterate our resolve to establish seamless multi-modal transportation linkages and
smooth, synchronized and simplified transit facilities through the development, expansion
and modernization of highways, railways, waterways, sea routes, airways in the region
and direct our respective authorities to speed up their efforts to conclude the BIMSTEC
Coastal Shipping Agreement and the BIMSTEC Motor Vehicle Agreement as early as
possible taking into account the special circumstances and needs of the Member States.

4. Note with satisfaction the preparation of the draft BIMSTEC Master Plan on Transport
Connectivity and call for its early adoption and thank the Asian Development Bank for
providing support to prepare the Master Plan and task the BIMSTEC Transport
Connectivity Working Group (BTCWG) to work out the modalities for its
implementation, giving due attention to the special circumstances and needs of the
Member States. We agree that the Master Plan would serve as a strategic document that
guides actions and promotes synergy among various connectivity frameworks, such as the
ASEAN Master Plan on Connectivity 2025 (MPAC 2025), the Ayeyawady – Chao
Phraya- Mekong Economic Cooperation Strategy (ACMECS), to achieve enhanced
connectivity and sustainable development in our region.


5. Decide to establish a Working Group to deal with information technology and
communications related matters with a view to provide greater access, more affordable
and high-speed internet and mobile communications to the peoples of the region. In this
regard, we welcome the offer of the Government of India to host a BIMSTEC Ministerial
Conclave at the India Mobile Congress 2018 being held in New Delhi from 25-27
October 2018 on the theme “New Digital Horizons: Connect, Create, Innovate”, and
encourage all Member States to participate in it.

Trade and Investment

6. Renew our commitment to an early conclusion of BIMSTEC Free Trade Area (FTA)
negotiations, and direct the BIMSTEC Trade and Economic Ministerial Meeting
(TEMM) and its subsidiary bodies including the Trade Negotiating Committee (TNC) to
expedite finalization of all related Agreements of the BIMSTEC FTA as early as possible;
and express our satisfaction on the progress of negotiation on the Agreement on Trade in
Goods and the Agreement on Customs Cooperation and also direct our respective
Ministries/Agencies to participate regularly in TNC Meetings.

7. Agree to revitalize the activities of BIMSTEC Business Forum and BIMSTEC Economic
Forum to further strengthen Government–Private sector cooperation for the promotion of
trade and investment and task the Expert Group on BIMSTEC Visa Matters to continue
negotiation for finalization of the modalities for the BIMSTEC Visa Facilitation.

8. Welcome the offer of India to host a BIMSTEC Startup Conclave in December 2018, and
encourage all Member States to participate in it.

Counter Terrorism and Transnational Crime

9. Reiterate our position that terrorism continues to pose a serious threat to peace and
stability in our region and reaffirm our strong commitment to combat terrorism in all its
forms and manifestations and agree to taking appropriate measures in this regard.

10.Look forward to the signing of the BIMSTEC Convention on Mutual Legal Assistance in
Criminal Matters; call upon the Member States for its early ratification and express
satisfaction that many Member States have ratified the BIMSTEC Convention on
Cooperation in Combating International Terrorism, Transnational Organized Crime and
Illicit Drug Trafficking and call upon the remaining Member State to do so.

11.Express our determination to strengthen cooperation and coordination among the law
enforcement, intelligence and security agencies; and decide to hold meetings at the level
of BIMSTEC Home Ministers and continue with the BIMSTEC National Security Chiefs
meetings as part of promoting cooperation and coordination on counter terrorism and
transnational crimes.

12.Welcome the offer of Thailand to host the Third Meeting of the BIMSTEC National
Security Chiefs in March 2019.

Environment and Disaster Management

13.Encourage closer cooperation in disaster management through sharing of information,
including early warning system, adoption of preventive measures, rehabilitation and
capacity building and agree to build on the existing capacities in the region and decide to
establish an Inter-governmental Expert Group to develop a plan of action to improve
preparedness and coordination for responding to natural disasters in the Bay of Bengal

Climate Change

14.Express our serious concerns over environmental degradation, adverse impact of climate
change and global warming on the fragile Himalayan and mountain eco-systems and their
inter-linkages with the Bay of Bengal and Indian Ocean and resolve to strengthen
cooperation to protect and preserve the environment to address, inter alia, the adverse
impact of climate change on the lives and livelihoods of our peoples; explore the
possibility to establish an Inter-governmental Expert Group to develop a plan of action
for collective response to climate change for the region; reaffirm our commitments to
operationalize the Paris Agreement, in accordance with principle of common but
differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities (CBDR & RC), taking into
account different national circumstances and equity.


15.Recognize the high potentials of energy resources in the region, particularly renewable
and clean energy sources, and agree to expedite our efforts to develop a comprehensive
plan for energy cooperation by working closely with each other within the region and
decide to constitute an intergovernmental group of experts to enhance energy cooperation
including in hydro-power and other sources of renewable energy.

16.Remain committed to providing uninterrupted and affordable power supply for the
economic development of our peoples, including through energy trade; welcome the
signing of the Memorandum of Understanding on BIMSTEC Grid Interconnection and
instruct the relevant agencies to take concrete measures to initiate harmonization of
technical, planning and operational standards for removing barriers to grid
interconnections and also ensure early establishment of a BIMSTEC Grid and call for an
early operationalization of the BIMSTEC Energy Centre in order to strengthen energy
cooperation in the region.


17.Agree to enhance cooperation for development, access and sharing of affordable
technologies – including for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises for promoting
sustainable development across sectors and welcome the efforts of the Member States
towards the signing of the Memorandum of Association on the Establishment of
BIMSTEC Technology Transfer Facility in Sri Lanka.

18.Also agree to focus cooperation in human resources development and education for the
advancement of technology in the region, keeping in mind the need to address the
disruptive impacts of technology.


19.Decide to deepen cooperation in the agricultural and allied sectors, including crops,
livestock and horticulture, farm machinery and harvest management so as to increase
productivity and profitability of agricultural produce in a sustainable manner; task the
relevant authorities to intensify cooperation to attain food and nutritional security; and
preserve and promote knowledge about traditional farming by appropriately linking both
traditional and modern farming, and reducing costs, enhancing income and mitigating
risks for farming communities, with the objective of facilitating agricultural trade among
member countries and making contribution to the poverty alleviation, job creation, and
improvement of quality of life of the masses in our nations.

20.Welcome the offer of Myanmar to host the 1st BIMSTEC Ministerial Meeting on
Agriculture by 2019 and the offer of India to host the BIMSTEC Seminar on Climate
Smart Farming Systems in 2019.


21.Stress on continued cooperation in conservation, management and sustainable use of
marine resources in the region; agree to deepen cooperation in fisheries to ensure food
security and improve livelihoods of people in our region and task the relevant national
agencies to explore the possibility of meaningful collaboration to promote sustainable
marine fisheries and direct the relevant authorities to explore how the landlocked Member
States can benefit from inland fisheries.

Public Health

22.Agree to expand cooperation in our efforts to address non-communicable diseases as well
as trans-national public health issues that threaten the economic and social progress of the
peoples of BIMSTEC region, including HIV and AIDS, malaria, dengue, tuberculosis,
viral influenza-including avian and swine influenza and other emerging public health
threats; note the progress in traditional medicine cooperation; remain committed to
continuing the collaborative activities in this field; encourage active cooperation among
concerned agencies including in the area of traditional medicine through exchange of
information, sharing of experience, training of personnel and other concrete programmes
to prevent and contain them; and express appreciation to Thailand for their efforts for
cooperation in traditional medicine.

People-to-People Contacts

23.Resolve to build a deeper understanding and trust among Member States and promote
people-to-people contacts at various levels; note with satisfaction the activities of the
BIMSTEC Network of Policy Think Tanks (BNPTT) in enhancing public awareness
about BIMSTEC and direct the relevant agencies to finalize the terms of reference (ToR)

24.Agree to explore possibility of establishing appropriate BIMSTEC forums for
parliamentarians, universities, academia, research institutes, cultural organizations and
media community to expand the scope of people-to-people contacts.

Cultural Cooperation

25.Emphasize the need to enhance cultural exchange among Member States to further
strengthen the historic cultural ties among our peoples; promote mutual respect and
tolerance for cultural diversity; underscore the importance of Buddhism as a connecting
thread in the region; and remain committed to giving a clear manifestation to this by
establishing a Buddhist Circuit.

26.Agree to hold meetings of BIMSTEC Cultural Ministers and BIMSTEC Cultural Festival
at regular intervals; welcome the offer of Bangladesh to hold the 2nd BIMSTEC
Ministerial Meeting on Culture and 1st BIMSTEC Cultural Festival; and strongly
encourage our respective Cultural Ministers to participate in these two important events.

27.Agree to take concrete steps to promote intra-BIMSTEC tourism; task the relevant
authorities to devise strategies considering the emerging opportunities and building on the
past initiatives including the “Plan of Action for Tourism Development and Promotion for
the BIMSTEC Region” adopted in Kolkata in 2005 and reinforced by the 2nd BIMSTEC
Tourism Ministers Round Table and Workshop in Kathmandu in 2006; agree to take
concrete measures to facilitate tourism by ensuring safety and security of tourists, and
smooth transport connectivity; reaffirm our commitment to developing and promoting
Buddhist Tourist Circuit, Temple Tourist Circuit, ancient cities trail, eco-tourism and
medical tourism; and welcome the offer of Nepal to host a BIMSTEC tourism conclave in
Nepal in 2020, coinciding with the Visit Nepal Year 2020.

Mountain Economy

28.Underscore the necessity of making concrete efforts to ensure the conservation of
mountain ecosystems, including their bio-diversity in order to support sustainable
development; welcome the concept note on promoting mountain economies in BIMSTEC
countries developed by Nepal to promote cooperation in this area; and decide to establish
an Inter-governmental Expert Group to develop an action plan.

Blue Economy

29.Emphasize the importance of blue economy and agree to cooperate in this sector for the
sustainable development in the region and decide to establish an Inter-governmental
Expert Group to develop an action plan on blue economy, keeping in mind the special
needs and circumstances of the landlocked Member States.

30.Note with satisfaction the hosting of International Blue Economy Conference in
Bangladesh in 2017 with participation of government representatives from BIMSTEC
Member States

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